Border Patrol Laws, Part 4
condition precedent to its issuance, to state in writing or at the proceeding, what he/she
expects to prove by such witnesses or documentary evidence, and to show affirmatively that
he/she has made diligent effort, without success, to produce the same.
(C) Issuance of subpoena. Upon being satisfied that a witness will not appear and testify or
produce documentary evidence and that the witness’ evidence is essential, the immigration
judge shall issue a subpoena.
(D) Appearance of witness. If the witness is at a distance of more than 100 miles from the
place of the proceeding, the subpoena shall provide for the witnesses’ appearance at the
Service office nearest to the witness to respond to oral or written interrogatories, unless the
Service indicates that there is no objection to bringing the witness the distance required to
enable him/her to testify in person.
(b) Form of subpoena. All subpoenas shall be issued on Form I - 138.
(1) Criminal or civil investigations. The subpoena shall command the person or entity to which it is
addressed to attend and to give testimony at a time or place specified. A subpoena shall also command the person or entity to which it is addressed to produce the books, papers, or documents specified in the subpoena. A subpoena may direct the taking of a deposition before an officer of the Service.
(2) Proceedings other than naturalization proceedings. Every subpoena issued under the provisions of
this section shall state the title of the proceeding and shall command the person to whom it is directed to attend and to give testimony at a time and place specified. A subpoena shall also command the person to whom it is directed to produce the books, papers, or documents specified in the subpoena. A subpoena may direct the making of a deposition before an officer of the Service.
(c) Service. A subpoena issued under this section may be served by any person, over 18 years of age not a party to the case, designated to make such service by the District Director, Deputy District Director, Chief Patrol Agent, Deputy Chief Patrol Agent, Assistant Chief Patrol Agent, Patrol Agent in Charge, Officer in Charge, Assistant District Director, Investigations, Supervisory Criminal Investigator (Anti-Smuggling), Regional Director, and Office of Professional Responsibility, having administrative jurisdiction over the office in which the subpoena is issued. Service of the subpoena shall be made by delivering a copy thereof to the person named therein and by tendering to him/her the fee for one day’s attendance and the mileage allowed by law by the United States District Court for the district in which the testimony is to be taken. When the subpoena is issued on behalf of the Service, fee and mileage need not be tendered at the time of service. A record of such service shall be made and attached to the original copy of the subpoena. (Revised 12/13/95– 60 FR 56936)
(d) Invoking aid of court. If a witness neglects or refuses to appear and testify as directed by the subpoena served upon him or her in accordance with the provisions of this section, the officer or immigration judge issuing the subpoena shall request the United States Attorney for the district in which the subpoena was issued to report such neglect or refusal to the United States District Court and to request such court to issue an order requiring the witness to appear and testify and to produce the books, papers, or documents designated in the subpoena. (Revised effective 4/1/97– 62 FR 10312)
[50 FR 30134, July 24, 1985– 50 FR 47205, Nov. 15, 1985]
Sec. 287.5 Exercise of power by immigration officers. (Section revised 8/17/95– 59 FR
42406) (Paragraphs (b) through (f) revised effective 4/1/97– 62 FR 10312)
(a) Power and authority to interrogate and administer oaths. Any immigration officer as defined in § 103.1(q) of this chapter is hereby authorized and designated to exercise anywhere in or outside the United States the power conferred by:
(1) Section 287(a)(1) of the Act to interrogate, without warrant, any alien or person believed to be an alien concerning his or her right to be, or to remain, in the United States– and
(2) Section 287(b) of the Act to administer oaths and to take and consider evidence concerning the privilege of any person to enter, reenter, pass through, or reside in the United States– or concerning any matter which is material or relevant to the enforcement of the Act and the administration of the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
(b) Power and authority to patrol the border. The following immigration officers who have successfully completed basic immigration law enforcement training are hereby authorized and designated to exercise the power to patrol the border conferred by section 287(a)(3) of the Act: