USBP History, Part 5
The deliberate, wanton attack on a defenseless
American town by Mexican marauders outraged America. The nation-wide
hue and cry forced President Woodrow Wilson to take action. He
called out the entire US Army. When he was told by his
generals that the US Army alone would not be enough to protect
America from the Villistas he called up the entire National
Guard! The only National Guard units not sent to patrol
the Mexican border were coast artillery units. This was the first
time in US history that the National Guard was ever called up
without a formal declaration of war.
Within seven days, the United States Army — and
the National Guard — were on the move to protect our southern
border and to avenge the deaths of fallen American men, women
and unborn children.
town of Columbus was turned into an armed camp.
General John Pershing (assisted by George Patton)
acted quickly and amassed hundreds of thousands of troops to guard
America’s southwestern border and to fight Pancho Villa. To back
up the US Army a total of 158,664 National Guardsmen were called
up to protect America from the invaders.
In total numbers this was the largest troop call-up
and deployment in the United States since the Civil War. Yes,
even the Spanish American War paled by the magnitude of this emergency.
Yes, Iraq and Afghanistan have less than half the troops fighting
for our freedom as we had along our border to stop the demonstrated
threat from the south.
Pershing took just eight thousand -- of the hundreds
of thousands of American troops now along our border -- deep
into Mexico and chased Pancho Villa and his men for eleven months.
As Pershing seemed to be gaining the upper hand Wilson called
off the mission — and the United States entered World War One.